Functions > Air Quality Monitoring

Air quality is important simply because we can’t avoid breathing the air around us. The average adult breathes in about 20 cubic meters, or 20,000 liters of air a day. Other planets have sunlight, but only our earth has air and water. Without all of these there would be no life. A diverse community of plant and animal life has thrived on this planet for millions of years, sustained by the sun and supported by the soil, water and air.

Air pollutants mainly come from the discharges of gases and particles mainly from industry, motor vehicles and Biomass combustion. There are also natural sources such as wind-blown dust and smoke from bush fires. Some forms of air pollution create global problems viz., upper atmosphere ozone depletion and acid rain. The enhanced greenhouse effect also falls into this category.

Policy makers are active in framing rules and regulations for the better management of air pollution thereby ensuring better air quality. Rules and regulations work well at institutional level but at the individual level awareness and conscientious is very important to effectively reduce the air pollution.

APPCB is assessing the ambient air quality in the state. A monitoring network with 60 ambient air quality-monitoring stations through out the state are placed to assess the changes in air quality. In addition to it in Hyderabad continuous ambient air quality monitoring station has been installed. Based on the results of these monitoring stations, the government of A.P has taken preventive measures to control air pollution from different sources. APPCB is monitoring the point source emissions regularly and directions to install / upgrade air pollution control equipment are given to the industries that are exceeding the standards.


National Water Monitoring Program

The Andhra Pradesh State Pollution contol Board works in Collaboration with the Central Pollution Control Boart (CPCB), whihc runs a nationwide network of water quality monitoring comprising 2500 stations in 28 States and 6 Union Territories – The National Water Quality Program (NWMP)

As part of the NWMP, the Board carries out monitoring on monthly or quarterly basis in surface waters and on half yearly basis in case of ground water. The monitoring network covers Rivers, Lakes, Tanks, Ponds, Canals etc present in the State of Andhpradesh.

Statisitcs of NWMP conducted by APPCB for the State of Andhra Pradesh

Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System

Andhra Pradesh on its eastern side has about 960 Kms of Sea-coast of Bay of Bengal spread in 9 districts and is put to use for different activities. All the three major rivers, Godavari, Krishna and Pennar are joining the coast of Bay of Bengal. Discharges like sewage from various towns & cities, Agriculture run-off, Industrial effluents, etc. are the potential threats to the water quality of coastal waters of Bay of Bengal. In view of this, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board is monitoring coastal waters of Bay of Bengal regularly on monthly basis at the following points under coastal ocean monitoring and prediction system (COMAPS): Annual average values of Coastal Monitoring results for the years 2015-16 , 2016-17 , 2017-18 & 2018 - 19 are as follows:

Click Here  PDF-download-icon to view Annual average values of COMAPS for the year 2015-16 , 2016-17 , 2017-18 & 2018 - 19

Water quality of open wells and bore wells

Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) is monitoring ground water quality at 18 locations on half-yearly basis. The pre-monsoon monitoring is carried out in the month of April and post monsoon monitoring in the month of October of every year. The locations are selected in such way that the polluted points are given priority for observation of ground water contamination. Annual average values of water quality monitoring results for the year 2013-19 are as follows:

 Click Here  PDF-download-icon to view average values of water quality monitoring results for the year 2013-19

Water quality monitoring of water bodies during idol immersion

Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board is monitoring water quality of water bodies like, lakes, tanks, canals, rivers, etc. during immersion of Ganesh idols regularly every year as per the directions of Central Pollution Control Board in ities and major towns of Andhra Pradesh. Water quality monitoring results obtained during the year 2014 for the cities and towns are as follows:

Click Here PDF-download-icon to view Ganesh immersion data for the year 2017.


Status of water quality of Raama Krishna beach, Visakhapatnam during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 03.09.14 10.09.14 17.09.14 29.09.14
1 pH 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.2
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 22 30 34 22 21 22
3 BOD3 at 27oC 3.6 12 13 4.8 6.8 2.4
4 Dissolved Oxygen 6.0 5.4 4.4 3.5 4.5 7.0

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.

Status of water quality of River Krishna at Prakasam baariage, Vijayawada during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 06.09.14 10.09.14 17.09.14
1 pH 7.74 7.57 7.99 8.10 7.08
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 6.0 10 10 10 10
3 Total Dissolved Solids at 105oC 330 380 420 400 365
4 BOD3 at 27oC 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.7 0.6
5 Dissolved Oxygen 7.0 5.8 7.0 6.5 4.5

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.


Status of water quality of Eluru canal at Ambika theatre, Eluru during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 03.09.14 10.09.14
1 pH 7.72 7.78 6.87 7.85
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 15 10 12 10
3 Total Dissolved Solids at 105oC 325 345 425 390
4 BOD3 at 27oC 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.7
5 Dissolved Oxygen 4.0 3.4 4.3 5.5

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.

Status of water quality of Kakinada beach during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 03.09.14 10.09.14 17.09.14 29.09.14
1 pH 7.9 7.9 6.8 7.6 7.2 8.1
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 36 22 26 28 36 18
3 BOD3 at 27oC 3.2 5.6 22 8.8 3.0 1.6
4 Dissolved Oxygen 4.8 5.6 5.5 4.8 4.8 7.0

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.


Status of water quality of Pennar River, Ranganayakulu temple, Nellore during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 03.09.14 10.09.14 17.09.14 29.09.14
1 pH 8.21 7.46 7.89 7.06 7.65 7.69
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 10 53 12 10 10 10
3 Total Dissolved Solids at 105oC 555 510 815 820 745 780
4 BOD3 at 27oC 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6
5 Dissolved Oxygen 7.4 6.5 6.0 6.2 6.5 4.2

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.

Status of water quality of Vykuntapuram canal, Tenaali, Guntur during immersion of Ganesh idols – 2014

S.No Parameter Before Immersion During Immersion After Immersion
28.08.14 30.08.14 03.09.14 10.09.14 17.09.14
1 pH 6.78 8.03 7.30 8.19 7.73
2 Total Suspended Solids at 105oC 10 12 10 10 10
3 Total Dissolved Solids at 105oC 320 350 320 395 330
4 BOD3 at 27oC 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.8
4 Dissolved Oxygen 7.3 7.8 8.4 7.5 6.6

All values are expressed in mg/lit except pH.


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