The Section 4 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Section 5 of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 provides the power to the State Government to constitute the State Pollution Control Boards in the respective States. As per said provisions of the Acts, the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board comprises of the Chairman, Member Secretary and fifteen other members nominated by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. The members of the Board include the representatives of government, local authorities, Technical and Scientific community.
Environment Education Wing section is for conducting Environment Awareness Programmes in Andhra Pradesh, involving Industries, Urban Local Bodies, Schools and other Organisations like NGOs, CBOs, Women Groups and general community. The section also issues media releases, rejoinders, analyse press reports, bring out publications including newsletters and annual reports. Other functions of this section include media conferences, world event days related to environment, participating in radio talks and TV interviews, event handling, participation in exhibitions and making documentary films for public awareness.
Activities conducted during the financial year 2015-16:
Environment Education Wing of the Board conducting Environmental Education and Awareness programmes in all districts with the help of NSS in Universities, Institutions and through NGOs, conducting Mobile Environmental Exhibitions, Releasing Advertisements, Developing Environmental Awareness Resource material, provides Environmental Information to media. During the year the Board has supported and conducted the following programmes:
Activities conducted during the financial year 2014-15:
Environment Education Wing of the Board conducting Environmental Education and Awareness programmes in all districts with the help of NSS in Universities, Institutions and through NGOs, conducting Mobile Environmental Exhibitions, Releasing Advertisements, Developing Environmental Awareness Resource material, provides Environmental Information to media. During the year the Board has supported and conducted the following programmes
Medaram Sammakka Saralamma Jathara 2014:
The Sammakka – Saralamma Jathara which is one of the major tribal festivals celebrated once in every two years at Madaram Village, Warangal district. The festival is being celebrated from 12.02.2014 to 15.02.2014 at Madaram village and about 1 crore people is expected to visit the temple to pay tribute to Sammakka Saralamma devathas. In connection with the Medaram Sammakka Saralamma Jathara 2014 the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board has trained 800 volunteers of NSS, NCC and local colleges’ students to perform kalajatha programmes on Anti Plastic Littering Campaign. These Volunteers were placed at Warangal, Khammam, Karimnagar, Adilabad and Nizamabad districts including Medaram. The District Collector, Warangal has directed to give ID cards to the volunteers who have participated on Anti Plastic Littering Campaign in connection with the Medaram Jathara for identity purpose along with these activities making 500 cloth banners on plastic and printing 5000 posters and 20,000 stickers (10,000 Big size poster stickers and 10,000 Small size poster stickers) on various environmental issues such as 1) Plastic free Sammakka Saralamma Jathara (2) Forest Protection (3) Public Transport (4) Water Protection and Conservation and (5) Public sanitation.
World Water Day:
The AP Pollution Control Board and Water and Land Management Training Research Institute, Hyderabad jointly conducted World Water Day at Hyderabad. The programmed was graced by the Sri T.G. Venkatesh, Hon’ble Minister for Minor Irrigation, Sri Sudarshan Reddy, Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation, Director General, WALAMTARI, Principal Secretary, Irrigation and Chief Engineers of Irrigation Department participated in the programme. Addressing the gathering Sri T.G. Venkatesh, Minister for Minor Irrigation address to the gathering every citizen and every public servant should take keen interest and promote water budgeting. Water needs in the past met by rain only, but future water needs will have to be met by desalination. Sri Sudarshan Reddy, Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation said that all of us including plants, animals and birds need water. We may have alternate energy resources but there is no alternate to water. This is why farmers will have to adopt drip irrigation. Later a Poster in Telugu on Water Conservation brought out by the Board was released by the Hon’ble Minister for Minor Irrigation and Hon’ble Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation on the occasion.
World Earth Day (22.04.2015):
Our Earth is the only planet in the Universe where life is possible till date. It is very necessary to maintain the natural assets of the earth in order to continue the life. The 22nd of April has been marked as an Earth Day to make the human race get aware about the importance of their planet.
The World Earth Day was started first time in USA California by Gaylord Nelson on 22nd April, 1970 with 20 million peoples. The reason behind the Earth Day is serious Environmental issue i.e oil spill in USA. Based on that the USA has started USEPA (Environmental protection authority) and various acts like clean air act, clean water act etc.
Our relationship with the Earth is, in some way, the very foundation of the way we live, and breathe, and relate to one another, you see. The early pagans were probably not far off with their belief that the Earth was our Mother, that the very possibility of life was a divine presence all around us. This belief instructed the clan, or the tribe, in how to behave toward nature. They found wisdom in what they saw all around them, learning from how the plants and animals related to each other. And they figured that they were subject to the same rules as the rest of nature. If we still believed that way, it would have profound implications for how we live on the Earth today. Promotion of natural balance among people as well as encourage them for respecting the assets of the planet, but day to day increasing rate of the industrialization as well as the careless attitude of the people living on the earth. It is very necessary to take care of the environmental issues to stay happy, healthy and alive.
In this context one of the big examples of it is the depletion of the Ozone layer which prevents us from the ultra violet rays of the sun. Another big problem of the environment is death of rivers by getting mixed with the industrial toxic materials which leads to the ecological damage, non portability of water. Increasing industrialization on daily basis leads to deforestation which ultimately leads to the rise in the Earth temperature. Meteorological conditions, like the annual average temperature at the Earth’s surface, change overtime. Small changes in these conditions can result in ice ages, or warm periods. Over the past century an increase of the Earth’s average surface temperature of about +0.76°C has been observed. There are several natural factors that can influence the climate, such as changes in the Earth’s orbit around the sun, volcanic eruptions, or even periods of heightened or diminished solar activity. However, the current warming trend we are experiencing has been primarily linked to an increased concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in the atmosphere. India being rice bowl states with paddy crops and cattle population and possibility of release of more methane. So there is urgent need of forestation.
The impacts of global warming are already apparent today in melting glaciers, increased frequency of extreme weather events such as droughts, cyclones or heavy rain falls, sea level rise, and changes in plant growth affecting agriculture and food production. These and other observed changes are expected to intensify and inflict a significant impact on human societies and the environment around the world especially if no drastic efforts are undertaken to reduce the emissions of GHGs into the atmosphere.
These are the life ending dangers on the earth forever which can be lessen through the small steps such as new trees plantation, inhibiting the deforestation, limiting the vehicles use to reduce air pollution, enhancing the energy conservation through reducing the unnecessary use of electricity. Such small steps become a big step of taken care by the people worldwide together. Now a day, everything is being packed in the plastic bags or given in it by the shopkeepers. Plastic bags or given it by the shopkeepers. Plastic bags productions are increasing day by day which is very shameful condition for us as these materials are un degradable.